Carpets' material is mainly made of cotton, hemp, wool, silk, grass fiber, and other natural fibers or chemical synthetic fiber raw materials, which are braided, tufted, or woven by hand or mechanical process. It is one of the arts and crafts categories with a very strong cultural influence and a long history and tradition in the world. We usually just have a vague idea of what a mat is, but the classification and division of carpets are generally not so clear. We divide the types of carpets through several aspects so that we can better distinguish the types of carpets.
According to usage, carpets are divided into three categories: commercial mats, household mats, and artistic mats.
Commercial mats are mats produced by industrialized carpets. They are mainly used for laying the ground on buildings, such as hotels, offices, corridors, bedrooms, meeting rooms, living rooms, etc. They can also be used in cruise ships, airplanes, and other fields. Commercial carpets are generally produced by machine weaving or gun punching.
Household mats are generally used for household occasions. Compared with commercial mats, they are generally more sophisticated in workmanship and have more personalized designs. Household mats are generally placed at the door or a very large mat is laid over the entire living room.
Art carpets are carpets for the purpose of appreciation and decoration. They are mainly hung on the walls of rooms, also known as tapestries, and are generally handmade. Excellent art carpets are generally carefully designed by art workers and carefully compiled by producers. They have an artistic appreciation and ideological connotation that ordinary commercial carpets do not have, and have high artistic value and collection value.
Carpets can be divided into machine-made carpets and handmade carpets due to different production methods. Machine-made carpets include tufted carpets, woven Wilton carpets, and woven Axminster carpets.
The carpet belongs to a large category of machine-made carpets. Instead of interweaving warp and weft, it is made by inserting pile yarns on the carpet base fabric through steel needles, and then gluing and holding the city head through the subsequent process. Due to the high production efficiency of the carpet, it is the first choice for hotel decoration.
The carpet is made by interweaving warp yarn, weft yarn, and pile yarn, and then finishing through subsequent processes such as gluing and shearing. Because the carpet craft originated in the Wilton area of England, it is called the Wilton carpet. This loom is a double-layer fabric, so the production efficiency is relatively fast.
The carpet is also woven through three yarns of warp yarn, weft yarn, and pile yarn, and then finished by subsequent processes such as gluing and shearing. The method used in this carpet originated from Axminster in England. This loom is a single-layer fabric with a very low machine speed. The efficiency of carpet weaving is very low, and its efficiency is only 30% of that of Wilton loom.
Pure wool rugs are made of native sheep wool, which has long fibers, high tensile force, good elasticity, luster, and slightly thick and strong fibers, and is the best raw material for weaving carpets in the world. As an aristocrat among carpets, in addition to the general characteristics of carpets, pure wool carpets can also effectively inhibit the growth of bacteria, have strong moisture retention, and have the good antistatic ability. Pure wool carpets are divided into two types: weaving and machine weaving. The former is expensive and the latter is more expensive. The quality and quantity of fluff are the main factors that determine the wear resistance of carpets, and the amount is often expressed by the density and height of the fluff.
The blended material belongs to the middle and high grades, and a certain proportion of chemical fiber is added to the pure wool fiber to improve its performance. For example, adding 20% nylon fiber to wool can greatly improve its wear resistance. Blended carpets are resistant to insects, corrosion, and mildew. The pattern, color, texture, and feel are somewhat different from those of pure wool carpets, and the feel is more general.
Chemical fiber carpets are mainly made of nylon, acrylic (acrylic), and polypropylene fibers. The quality and touch are like wool, wear-resistant and elastic. After special treatment, it can have the characteristics of fire prevention, anti-fouling, anti-static, anti-insect, etc. It has the advantages of pure wool carpet and is the main product of the modern carpet industry. Acrylic carpets are currently commonly used civilian carpets. It is characterized by affordable price, wears resistance, and good water absorption. Non-toxic, insect-proof, and easy to clean. Because of their artificial material, chemical fiber carpets are prone to static electricity and are easy to burn and pollute.
Plastic carpets are made from various chemical compositions. Soft texture, bright colors, waterproof and non-slip, durable, and low price. The warmth and comfort of plastic carpets are not as good as other types. They are also called hydrophobic blankets. They are also prevalent and commonly used. They are waterproof, non-slip, and easy to clean. They are usually placed in shopping malls, hotels, housing gates, and bathrooms. There is also a foyer front.